Hormone imbalance, genetic conditions, aging, prescription medications, and obesity can all cause enlarged breasts in men. Known as “gynecomastia,” this condition can impair self-confidence and discomfort. Male breast reduction, also known as gynecomastia.
Gynecomastia surgery, or male breast reduction, is a procedure that serves to reduce the size of breasts in men and remove any excess fat, skin, or other tissues. The goal of a male breast reduction is to create a flat and masculine chest contour. Gynecomastia may be caused by a variety of factors, including hormonal imbalance, genetics, weight fluctuation, or side effects of drugs. If excessive breast tissue remains after these causes are addressed, gynecomastia surgery is a permanent solution.
Surgery to remove excess breast tissue in males can be accomplished through liposuction, excision techniques, or a combination of the two.
In cases where enlarged male breasts are mostly comprised of fatty tissue, liposuction may be used to remove it. Dr. Rosenberg will insert a cannula through a small incision to loosen and the tissue, which can then be removed through vacuum suction.
If excess skin or glandular tissue are also to blame for the appearance of enlarged breasts, excision techniques are necessary. In these cases, incisions are made around the nipple and across the breast, and the tissue will be reduced and repositioned for a more masculine appearance.
Some cases of gynecomastia can be treated through non-surgical medical treatments. When this is not the case, surgery can be the best option. Candidates for male breast reduction include those who are:
During the consultation, Dr. Rosenberg will also ask about your health history, current medications, supplements or vitamins, or alcohol and recreational drug use. You should also be prepared to explain your goals and expectations for the procedure. Finally, Dr. Rosenberg may take measurements or photographs as well as examine the treatment area. Your gynecomastia surgery consultation is your opportunity to ask any questions you may have about the surgery or recovery period. Many patients find it helpful to bring a list of questions with them to their appointment, so they don’t forget anything at the moment.
Before your gynecomastia surgery, you’ll have the chance to ask Dr. Rosenberg any questions you may have during a consultation. Common questions include:
Before your gynecomastia surgery, you may be asked to get lab testing or a medical evaluation to ensure you’re healthy before the procedure. You should also stop smoking as soon as possible, as smoking interferes with the healing process. Be sure to also avoid taking aspirin or anti-inflammatory drugs and adjust medications, as necessary. Finally, arrange a ride home from your procedure and for someone to care for you and you assist with children or pets as necessary after surgery.
While gynecomastia surgery is generally safe, there are some risks involved. Some complications can include bleeding, blood clots, poor wound healing, or reactions to materials including sutures, tape, or topical medication. In some cases, patients may also see changes in nipple or breast sensation after their gynecomastia surgery, which may be temporary or permanent. Due to improper care, infections are also possible. To avoid complications, be sure to follow Dr. Rosenberg’s directions carefully throughout your recovery period.
To learn more about male breast reduction and find out if it is a suitable treatment for you, schedule a consultation with Dr. Rosenberg. Call the Plastic Surgery Center of Maryland at (410) 324-3071 or request your appointment online.